Apollo's home page

Prepared by his theokolos, Dowden.

Farnell , Cults of the Greek States, vol. 4, p. iv (Contents, contd.)

CHAPTER IV
APOLLO-CULTS 98-252

Apollo a typically Hellenic divinity, probably of 'Aryan' origin, etymology of the name unsettled, 98-99; reminiscences of earliest migrations of the cult from the north, Hyperborean legend examined, the Hyperboreans no distinct people, but genuine Hellenic worshippers of Apollo, Ahrens' explanation of the name the most probable, 100-104; two Hyperborean routes, one by Tempe along the sacred way, one by Dodona, probably routes of prehistoric Hellenic invasion, 104-106; Delian cult probably later than Delphian, connexions of Delos with Boeotia and the Attic tetrapolis, 106-108; Hyperborean offerings from the Black Sea, 70 to Hyperberetaion at Sestos, 108-109 relations between Delos and Delphi, Delos becomes the goal of the offerings, 109-111; Apollo in the earliest period the divinity of many different stocks, pre-Dorian cults in the Peloponnese, Apollo Pythaeus, Karneios, Lykeios 112; traces of savagery in the earliest period, Apollo the Hunter and Cavedweller, 112-113; Apollo Lykeios the wolf-god, the wolf in the legend of the god, the Argive and Attic cults, early Hellenization of Lycia the land of the wolf-god, 113-123; Apollo as pastoral deity, Nomios, Kereatas, Aristaios, Opaon, 123-124; god of trees, Daphnephoros 124; Amyclaean Apollo and Hyakinthos, 124-130; god of agriculture, Sitalkas, Pornopios, Erythibios, Hersos, 130; Apollo Karneios 131-135; solar character of Apollo accepted by many ancient and modern theorists, but not aboriginal, evidence from ritual and cult-epithets, Phanaios, Aigletes, Heoios, Horolytos, Proopsios, Phoibos, 136-143; solar worship in Mycenaean period, 143-144; Apollo a maritime god, Nasiotas, Aktaios, Delphinios, 145-147; social and political cults, Oikistes, Domatites, Koureos, 148; Agyieus, 148-151; Apollo Epikomaios, his relations with the phratric organization, 152-153; Apollo Patroios at Athens, meaning and ethnographic importance of the title, 153-161; other Apollo-cults in Attica, 158-159; political character of Apollo in general Greek religion, the divine leader of migrations, 161-162; his worship in the Aeolic settlements of Asia Minor, Apollo Smintheus, Thermios, 162-169; in Ionia, Delos, Miletos, 169-173; in Dorian Hexapolis, Elis, Achaia, 173-175; Apollo as war-god, 175-176; Apollo as god of law, his temple epi Delphinioi associated with advance in the law concerning homicide, 176-177; Apollo the protector of the enfranchised slave, 177-179; the Delphic oracular cult, 179-218; early mantic tradition of Pytho, 180-182; constitution of the Delphic Amphictyony, 182-185; legend of early Cretan ministration, 185-186; ritual preliminary to the consultation, 186-187; position of the Pythoness, rules of purification, reasons for selecting a woman as the organ of prophecy 187-190; various kinds of mantike in Greece, the Delphic of the ecstatic kind, but other and simpler methods known there, 190-192; the position and influence of the Hosioi, 193-195; the oracle free on the whole from political ambition, 195-197; the oracle a source of legislation, 197-199; as an emigration-agency, prehistoric traces of a 'ver sacrum' in Greece, 200-202; Delphic influence on Greek religion, no Delphic propaganda except in behalf of Dionysos, 202-206; Delphic regulation of Hero-worship, 206-208; of human-sacrifice, 208-210; more advanced view of sacrifice at Delphi, 210; Delphic influence on Greek morality, 211-214; note on promanteia, 214; offshoots of the Pythian cult, at Asine, 215, Argos, Laconia, Troezen, Megara, Athens, 216-218; Apolline oracles in Thessaly, 219, Abai 219-220, Boeotia, 220-222, Epiros, 222; oracle at Delos, 223; oracles on the Aeolic coast, 223-224; oracle at Klaros, 224-226; at Branchidai, 226-229; Lykian oracles, 229-231; conclusions drawn from the record of Apolline divination 231-232; Apollo the god of medicine, the medicinal faculty associated with the oracular, 233-241; Paion 234-235; Maleatas, 235-239; Apollo with Asklepios, 239; early Apolline medicine magical, Epidaurian therapeutics mainly miraculous hut with a glimmering of science, 239-241; Apollo the patron of the intellectual life, 241-244; of the artistic, 243-244; his prophetic character probably the source of his poetic, 244-246; characteristics of Apolline music, 246-252.


Apollo Agyieus

Agyieus is the Apollo 'of the streets', worshipped as a conical stone.

[back to top]


Apollo Karneios

Worshipped especially by Dorians in a major festival: The Karneia is a festival of Apollo (the one the Spartans were attending when they couldn't come to Marathon in 490), but all sorts of rubbish can be spun in myth: [back to top]

Apollo Lykeios

Best guess: something to do with wolves (lykoi) but there are always people to go on about Lykians or light (Latin: luc-, Greek leukos, 'white'). [back to top]


Apollo Nasiotas

One inscription from Chaleion (where?) in Lokris (Central Greece) - and that's it - pretty obscure: [back to top]

Apollo Nomios

[back to top]

Hyperboreans

Mythic people from 'beyond the north', who unaccountably annually sent real offerings to Delos.  They live in the remote north and are blissfull sacred people, no old age, always happy, &c &c  They are Apollo's people, and he spends a few months each winter with them.

[back to top] 


The Sun

Deep mystic stuff, this, that Apollo is the sun, by no means the usual belief. [back to top]

KD: October 1998